Breeds of Cattle
Animal Science 101
Purpose: The purpose of this lesson is to inform and educate the students of the different
breeds, and types of cattle.
Objectives: By the end of this lesson the students will be able to:
1. List the different types of cattle,
2. Match the different breeds of cattle to their native origins,
3. Evaluate the different characteristics of the different breeds, and
4. Create their own breed of cattle based on the strengths and weaknesses of two developed breeds.
Teks: 119.13 C 4 C
Taks: English I, and II 1(6)(B), 1(6)(E), 1(7)(F), 2(10)(B)
U.S. History 2(US 11) A
Focus: If I was going to go into to the business of raising bears would I make a profit
raising polar bears in Texas without having special facilities?
Content: Today we are going to talk about the different breeds and types of cattle. We
will go over the different breeds, where they came from, their different
characteristics, and what they are used for.
Tell the difference between the different types of cattle
v Beef cattle
v Dairy cattle
v Duel purpose cattle
Tell the major classifications of beef cattle
Major British breeds
Ø They are from Herefordshire, England.
Ø They are light yellow to cherry red with a white underbelly.
Ø They also have thick and curly hair.
Ø They are a medium sized frame.
Ø They have poor marbling, they mature
early and can adapt to most environments.
v Poled Hereford
Ø The Poled Herefords originated in England like the regular Herefords.
Ø They also share the same characteristics as the horned Herefords.
Ø The Shorthorns come from Northern England.
Ø The color is not always the same, but mostly roan (red and white)
Ø They have a medium to large frame, and have medium muscling.
Ø Angus are from Aberdeen Scotland
Ø They are solid black and polled with small ears
Ø Smooth hair, medium sized frame, heavy muscled, and great carcass merit.
Major American breeds
v Santa Gertrudis
Ø They were developed in Texas at the King Ranch.
Ø They are deep cherry red color. They are 5/8 Shorthorn and 3/8 Brahman.
Ø They are horned and polled.
Ø They are medium to large frame size and heavy muscled
Ø They are hardy and productive in hot teperatures.
Ø They are from Texas
Ø They are usually red, but there is no regular color pattern.
Ø Medium to large frame, and heavy muscled.
Ø They are solid black with a small hump.
Ø They are 5/8 angus and 3/8 brahma.
Ø They are polled.
Ø They are medium to large frame.
Ø They are originate from southern U.S.
Ø They are gray to red in color, horned or polled with a hump.
Ø They are large frame with light muscle.
Ø They are the most heat and disease tolorant
Major Continental breeds
Ø They originated in France.
Ø They are dark red with black or white markings.
Ø Large in frame.
Ø Heavily muscled.
Ø They originate from France.
Ø They are white to a creamy color, and some are red.
Ø They are a large frame animal that is noted for its double muscling .
Ø They are from West Central Italy.
Ø They are off-white with black tongue, eyes, nose ,and hooves.
Ø They are a large frame animal with long muscles.
Ø They are from South-Central France.
Ø They are mostly red but they do come in black with lighter eyes and belly.
Ø Medium to large frame size with a long body, and heavy muscle.
Ø They are from the Netherlands and Germany.
Ø They are black and white.
Ø Large sized and heavy milkers
Ø They are light grey to dark fawn in color.
Ø They are a medium sized animal
Ø They milk the more for their body weight than any other cow.
Ø They are red and white.
Ø They are a medium framed cow.
Ø They have a high feed to milk conversion.
Ø Their milk is high in beta-carotene.
v Brown Swiss
Ø They are solid brown varying from dark to light.
Ø They are large sized.
Ø They have a light colored band around their muzzle.
Ø They have above average milk fat content.
Duel Purpose Cattle
Ø They originated in India.
Ø They are grey in color wit a hump.
Ø They have a average milk production.
Ø They have an medium to large frame, with beef characteristics.
Ø They originated in England.
Ø They are red in color.
Ø They have slight dairy characteristic.
Ø They are medium to large frame.
Review: Now since we talked about the different types of cattle and the major breeds, as a class tell me the major British, American, and Continental breeds.
Guided Practice: Write down three major breeds from each category.
Independent Practice: Develop your own breed of cattle, and explain why those certain
cattle to cross.
Materials: Computer, LCD Projector, Classroom.